(This list last updated August 24, 2014)


  • Oberhauser, K., Altizer, S., and Nail, K. 2014. Edited volume. Monarchs in a Changing World: Biology and Conservation of an Iconic Insect.  Cornell University Press. In press. 

  • Rushmore, J., Caillaud, D., Hall, R.J., Stumpf, R.M., Meyers, L.A. and Altizer, S. 2014. Network-based vaccination improves prospects for disease control in wild chimpanzees. Journal of the Royal Society Interface.  11(97), 20140349

  • Pierce, A., de Roode, J.C., Altizer, S., and Bartel, R. 2014. Extreme heterogeneity in parasitism despite low population genetic structure among monarch butterflies inhabiting the Hawaiian Islands. PLoS One. 9(6), e100061.

  • Cornelius, E., Davis, A.K., and Altizer, S. 2014. How important are haemoparasites to migratory songbirds? Evaluating physiological tradeoffs with infection in three neotropical migrants during stopover. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. In press.

  • Winternitz, J.C., Yabsley, M., Wares, J., and Altizer, S. 2014. Wild cyclic voles maintain high neutral and MHC diversity independently of parasitism. Evolutionary Ecology. 28: 957-975.

  • Hall, R.J., Bartel, R. and Altizer, S. 2014. Greater migratory propensity in hosts lowers pathogen transmission and impacts. Journal of Animal Ecology. 83: 1068-1077.

  • Huang, S., Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Stephens, P.R., Gittleman, J.L., and Altizer, S. 2014. Phylogenetically related and ecologically similar carnivores harbor similar parasite assemblages. Journal of Animal Ecology.  83(3), 671-680

  • Davis, A. and Altizer, S. 2014. New perspectives on monarch migration, evolution and population biology. To appear in:  Monarchs in a Changing World:  Biology and Conservation of an Iconic Insect. Edited by:  K. Oberhauser, S. Altizer, K. Nail.  Cornell University Press. In press.

  • Altizer, S. and DeRoode, J.C. 2014. Monarchs and their debilitating parasites: immunity, migration and medicinal plant use.  To appear in:  Monarchs in a Changing World:  Biology and Conservation of an Iconic Insect. Edited by:  K. Oberhauser, S. Altizer, K. Nail.  Cornell University Press. In press.

  • Pierce, A.A., Chamberlain, N.L., Kronforst, M.R., Altizer, S. and J.C. DeRoode. 2014. Unraveling the mysteries of monarch migration and global dispersal through molecular genetic  techniques. To appear in:  Monarchs in a Changing World:  Biology and Conservation of an Iconic Insect. Edited by:  K. Oberhauser, S. Altizer, K. Nail.  Cornell University Press. In press


  • Blackwood, J.C., Streicker, D.G., Altizer, S., and Rohani, P. 2013. Resolving the roles of immunity, pathogenesis, and immigration for rabies persistence in vampire bats. PNAS. 110(51): 20837–20842

  • Winternitz, J., Michey, S., Garamszegi, L., Huang, S., Stephens, P., and Altizer, S. 2013. Sexual selection explains more functional variation in the mammalian MHC than parasitism. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B.  280(1769), 20131605

  • Sander, S.E., de Roode, J.C., Davis, A.K., and Altizer, S. 2013. Genetic factors and host traits predict spore morphology for a butterfly pathogen. Insects. 4: 447-462.

  • Altizer, S., Ostfeld, R.S., Harvell, C.D., Johnson, P.T.J., and Kutz, S. 2013. Climate change and infectious disease: from evidence to a predictive framework.  Science.  341: 514-519.  PDF

  • Satterfield, D., Wright, A. and Altizer, S. 2013. Lipid reserves trade off against immune defense in healthy and diseased migrating monarchs (Danaus plexippus). Current Zoology, 59: 393-402.

  • J. Rushmore, D. Caillaud, L. Matamba, R. M. Stumpf, S. P. Borgatti, and S. Altizer. 2013. Social network analysis of wild chimpanzees with insights for infectious disease risk. Journal of Animal Ecology, 82: 976-986.


  • Streicker, D.G., Altizer, S., Velasco-Villa, A., and Rupprecht, CE. 2012. Variable evolutionary routes to host establishment across repeated rabies virus host shifts among bats. PNAS, 109 (48): 19715-20; doi: 10.1073/pnas.1203456109
  • Streicker, D.G., Recuenco, S., Valderrama, W., Gomez-Benavides, J., Vargas, I., Pacheco, V., Condori, R.E, Montgomery, J., Rupprecht, C.E., Rohani, P. and Altizer, S. 2012. Ecological and anthropogenic drivers of rabies exposure in vampire bats: implications for transmission and control. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B.279(1742):3384-92.
  • Davis, A.K., J. Chi, C. Bradley and S. Altizer. 2012. The redder the better: wing color predicts flight performance in monarch butterflies. PLoS One, 7: e41323
  • Winternitz, J.C., Yabsley, M. and Altizer, S. 2012. Parasite infection and host dynamics in a naturally fluctuating rodent population. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 90(9): 1149-1160.
  • Han, B.  and Altizer, S.  2012.  Conservation and Infectious Disease.  In:  Levin, S. (ed)  Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. 2nd Edition. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 
  • Bartel, R. and Altizer, S. 2012. From protozoan infection in monarch butterflies to colony collapse disorder in bees: are emerging infectious diseases proliferating in the insect world? In: Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecosystem Health. Second edition. Edited by: A. Aguirre, P. Daszak and R. Ostfeld. 


  • Altizer, S., Han, B and Bartel, R. 2011. Animal migrations and infectious disease risk. Science. 331: 296-302. PDF

  • Bartel, R., Oberhauser, K., DeRoode, J. and Altizer, S. 2011. Monarch migration and parasite transmission in eastern North America.  Ecology. 92, 342-351 PDF **Cover article

  • Hawley, D.M. and Altizer, S. 2011. Disease ecology meets ecological immunology: Understanding the links between organismal immunity and infection dynamics in natural populations. Functional Ecology, 25: 48-60. PDF


  • Kilpatrick, A.M. and Altizer, S. 2010. Disease Ecology. Nature Education Knowledge. 1(11):13 LINK
  • Altizer, S. and DeRoode, JC. 2010. When butterflies get bugs: the ABCs of butterfly disease. American Butterflies Magazine. 18: 16-26. PDF
  • DeRoode, JC and Altizer, S. 2010. Host-parasite genetic interactions and virulence-transmission relationships in natural populations of monarch butterflies. Evolution, 64:502-514. PDF
  • Altizer, S., and Davis, A.K. 2010.  Populations of monarch butterflies with different migratory behaviors show divergence in wing morphology. Evolution. 64:1018-1028. PDF **Cover article


  • Harvell, C.D., Altizer, S., Cattadori, I., Harrington, L. and Weil, E. 2009. Climate change and wildlife diseases: when does the host matter the most?  Ecology. 90: 912-920. PDF

  • Lindsey, E., Mehta, M., Dhulipala, V., Oberhauser, K. and Altizer, S. 2009. Crowding and disease: effects of host density on parasite infection in monarch butterflies. Ecological Entomology .34:551-561. PDF
  • DeRoode, JC, Chi, J, Rarick, RM, and Altizer, S. 2009. Strength in numbers: high parasite burdens increase transmission of a protozoan parasite of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus). Oecologia, 161:67–75. PDF
  • Davis, A.K., Altizer, S., Oberhauser, S. Ries, L., Frey, D., Crewe, T, Howard, A., Rendon-Salinas, E., Bartel, R., Batalden, R., and Nibbelink, N. 2009. Recommendations for integrating monarch butterfly monitoring data in North America to address conservation and management needs. Final Report to the Commission for Environmental Cooperation. July 2009.


  • De Roode, J.C., Yates, A.J. and Altizer, S. 2008. Virulence-transmission trade-offs and population divergence in virulence in a naturally-occurring butterfly parasite. PNAS. 105: 7489-7494. PDF

  • Bradley, C.A., Gibbs, S.E.J. and Altizer, S. 2008. Urban land use predicts west nile virus exposure in songbirds. Ecological Applications. 18: 1083-1092. PDF

  • Lindsey, E.A. and Altizer, S. 2008. Immunity and sex differences in response to selection in monarch butterflies. Evolutionary Ecology. DOI: 10.1007/s10682-008-9258-0. PDF

  • De Roode, J.C., Pedersen, A.P., Hunter. M. and Altizer, S. 2008. Host plant species affects virulence in monarch butterfly parasites. Journal of Animal Ecology 77(1): 120-126. PDF

  • Altizer, S. and Pedersen, A. 2008. Host-pathogen evolution, biodiversity and disease risks for natural populations. In "Conservation Biology: Evolution in Action” edited by Scott Carroll and Charles Fox. Oxford University Press.
  • Perkins, S., Altizer, S., Bjornstad, O., Burdon, J., Clay, K., Gomez-Aparicio, L., Jeschke, J., Johnson, P., Lafferty, K., Malstrom, C., Martin, P., Power, A., Thrall, P., Strayer, D. and M. Uriarte. 2008. Infectious disease in invasion biology. In R. Ostfeld, F. Keesing and V. Eviner (eds.), Infectious disease ecology: Effects of disease on ecosystems and of ecosystems on disease.  Princeton University Press.


  • Pedersen, A.B., Jones, K., Nunn, C.L. and Altizer, S. 2007. Infectious diseases and extinction risk in wild mammals. Conservation Biology 21(5): 1269-1279. PDF

  • De Roode, J.C., Gold, L.R. and Altizer, S. 2007. Virulence determinants in a natural butterfly-parasite system. Parasitology, 134: 657-668. PDF

  • Bradley, C.A. and Altizer, S. 2007. Urbanization and the ecology of wildlife diseases. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22: 95-102. PDF

  • Altizer, S., Nunn, C.L. and Lindenfors, P. 2007. Do threatened hosts have fewer parasites? A comparative study in primates. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76: 304-314. PDF


  • Nunn, C.L. and Altizer, S. 2006. Infectious Diseases in Primates: Behavior, Ecology and Evolution. Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution. Oxford University Press. (Link here to see the Book Review from Trends in Ecology and Evolution).

  • Altizer, S., Dobson, A., Hosseini, P., Hudson, P., Pascual, M., and Rohani, P. 2006. Seasonality and population dynamics: infectious diseases as case studies. Ecology Letters. 9: 467-484. PDF

  • Cherry, J.J., D.H. Ley, and S. Altizer. 2006. Genotypic analyses of Mycoplasma gallisepticum isolates from songbirds by random amplification of polymorphic DNA and amplified-fragment length polymorphism. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 42: 421-428. PDF

  • Ezenwa, V.O., Price, S.A., Altizer, S., Vitone, N.D. and Cook, K.C. 2006. Host traits and parasite species richness in even and odd-toed hoofed mammals (Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla) Oikos. 115: 526-536. PDF


  • Hotchkiss, E.R., A.K. Davis, J.J. Cherry and S. Altizer. 2005. Mycoplasmal conjunctivitis and the behavior of wild house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) at bird feeders. Bird Behavior 17(1): 1-8. PDF

  • Bradley, C. and S. Altizer. 2005. Parasites hinder monarch butterfly flight: implications for disease spread in migratory hosts. Ecology Letters 8: 290-300. PDF

  • Davis, A.K., B. Farrey and S. Altizer. 2005. Variation in thermally-induced melanism in monarch butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from three North American populations. Journal of Thermal Biology 30(5): 410-421. PDF

  • Ladner, D. and S. Altizer. 2005. Oviposition preference and larval performance of North American monarch butterflies on four Asclepias species. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 116: 9-20. PDF

  • Pedersen, A., M. Poss, C.L. Nunn, A. Cunningham, and S. Altizer. 2005. Patterns of host specificity and transmission among parasites of free-living primates. International Journal for Parasitology 35: 647-657. PDF

  • Nunn, C.L., S.M. Altizer, W. Sechrest, and A. Cunninham. 2005. Latitudinal gradients of parasite species richness in primates. Diversity and Distributions 11: 249-256. PDF

  • Nunn, C.L. and S. Altizer. 2005. The global mammal parasite database: an online resource for infectious disease records in wild primates. Evolutionary Anthropology (Invited submission) 14: 1-2. PDF

  • Dhondt, A.A., Altizer, S., Cooch, E.G., Davis, A.K., Dobson, A.P., Driscoll, M.J.L., Hartup, B.K., Hawley, D.M., Hochachka, W.M., Hosseini, P.R., Jennelle, C.S., Kollias, G.V., Ley, D.H., Swarthout, E.C.H., and Sydenstricker, K.V. 2005. Dynamics of a novel pathogen in an avian host: mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in house finches. Acta Tropica 94(1): 77-93. PDF


  • Altizer, S., A.K. Davis, K.C. Cook and J.J. Cherry. 2004. Age, sex, and season affect the risk of mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in a southeastern house finch population. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82 (5): 755-763. PDF

  • Altizer, S., Hochachka, W., and Dhondt, A. 2004. Seasonal dynamics of mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in eastern North American House Finches. Journal of Animal Ecology 73: 309-322. PDF

  • Nunn, C., Altizer, S., Sechrest, W., Jones, K.E., Barton, R., and Gittleman, J. 2004. Parasites and the evolutionary diversification in primate clades. The American Naturalist 164: S90-S103. PDF

  • Davis, A.K., B. Farrey and S.M. Altizer. 2004. Quantifying monarch butterfly larval pigmentation using digital image analysis. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 113: 145-147. PDF

  • Farrey, B. and A.K. Davis. 2004. Monarch butterfly larvae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) with 3 tubercle pairs in South Florida. Florida Entomologist 87(3): 408-411.

  • Davis, A.K., S. M. Altizer and E. Friedle. 2004. A non-destructive, automated method of counting spores of Ophryocystis elektroscirrha in infected monarch butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Florida Entomologist 87(2): 231-234. PDF

  • Altizer, S.M., Oberhauser, K.O., and Geurts, K.A. 2004. Transmission of the protozoan parasite, Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, in monarch butterfly populations. Pages in Oberhauser, K., and M. Solensky (eds.). The monarch butterfly: biology and conservation. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, NY. PDF

  • Borland, J., C. Johnson, T. Crumpton, M. Thomas, S. Altizer, and K. Oberhauser. 2004. Characteristics of fall migratory monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus, in Minnesota and Texas. Pages in Oberhauser, K., and M. Solensky (eds.). The monarch butterfly: biology and conservation. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, NY.

  • Davis, A.K., K.C. Cook and S.M. Altizer. 2004. Leukocyte profiles in wild House Finches with and without mycoplasmal conjunctivitis, a recently emerged bacterial disease. Ecohealth 1: 362-373. PDF

  • Nunn, C.L. and Altizer, S.M. 2004. Sexual selection, behavior and sexually transmitted diseases. Pages 117-130 in: Sexual Selection in Primates: New and Comparative Perspectives. P.M. Kappeler and C.P. van Schaik (eds). Cambridge University Press. PDF

  • Faustino, C., C.S. Jennelle, V. Connolly, A.K. Davis, E.C. Swarthout, E.G. Cooch, and A.A. Dhondt. 2004. Mycoplasmal gallisepticum infection dynamics in a House Finch population: empirical analysis of seasonal variation in survival, encounter and transmission rate. Journal of Animal Ecology 73(4): 651-669. PDF

  • Vitone, N.D., S.M. Altizer, and C.L. Nunn. 2004. Body size, diet and sociality influence the species richness of parasitic worms in primates. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6: 183-199. PDF


  • Altizer, S., Nunn, C., Thrall, P., Gittleman, J., Ezenwa, V., Pulliam, J., Pedersen, A., Dobson, A., Poss, M., Cunningham, A., Antonovics, J., and Jones, K. 2003. Social organization and disease risk in mammals: integrating theory and empirical studies. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 34: 517-47. PDF

  • Altizer, S., Harvell, C.D., and Friedle, E. 2003. Rapid evolutionary dynamics and disease threats to biodiversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18(11):589-596. PDF

  • Nunn, C.L., Altizer, S.M., Jones, K.E., and Sechrest, W. 2004. Comparative tests of parasite species richness in primates. The American Naturalist 162(5): 597-614. PDF

  • Milligan, J., A.K. Davis, and S. Altizer. 2003. Errors associated with using colored leg bands to identify wild birds. Journal of Field Ornithology 74 (2):111-118. PDF


  • Harvell, D., Mitchell, C.E., Ward, J.R., Altizer, S., Dobson, A., Ostfeld, R.S., and Samuels, M.D. 2002. Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota. Science 296: 2158-2162. PDF

  • Davis, A.K. and S. Altizer. 2002. Southern exposure: new study shows unexpectedly high House Finch eye disease in Atlanta, Georgia. Birdscope Spring. 12-13.

  • Foufopoulos, J., Altizer, S., and Dobson, A. 2002. Interactions between wildlife and domestic livestock in the tropics. Pp. 219-244. In: Vandermeer, J. (ed.) Tropical Agroecosystems. CRC Press.

2001 and earlier

  • Altizer, S.M. 2001. Migratory behaviour and host-parasite co-evolution in natural populations of monarch butterflies infected with a protozoan parasite. Evolutionary Ecology Research 3: 611-632. PDF

  • Dhondt, A.A., Hochachka, W.M., Altizer, S.M., and Hartup, B.K. 2001. The house finch hot zone: citizen science on the trail of an epidemic. Living Bird 20(4): 24-30.

  • Altizer, S.M., Oberhauser, K.S. and Brower, L.P. 2000. Associations between host migration and the prevalence of a protozoan parasite in natural populations of monarch butterflies. Ecological Entomology 25: 125-139. PDF

  • Altizer, S., Foufopoulos, J., and Gager, A. 2000. Conservation and Disease. In: Levin, S. (ed) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

  • Altizer, S.M. and Oberhauser, K.S. 1999. Effects of the protozoan parasite, Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, on the fitness of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 74(1): 76-88. PDF

  • Packer, C., Altizer, S., Appel, M., Brown, E., Martenson, J., O’Brien, S.J., Roelke-Parker, M., Hofmann-Lehmann, R., and Lutz, H. 1999. Viruses of the Serengeti: Patterns of infection and mortality in African lions. Journal of Animal Ecology 68(6): 1161-78. PDF

  • Altizer, S.M ., Thrall, P.H. and Antonovics, J. 1998. Vector behavior and the transmission of anther-smut infection in Silene alba. American Midland Naturalist 139: 147-163. PDF

  • Oudemans, P., Antonovics, J., Alexander, H.M., Altizer, S., Thrall, P.H., Rose, L. 1998. The distribution of mating-type bias in natural populations of the anther-smut Ustilago violacea on Silene alba in Virginia . Mycologia 90(3): 372-381.

  • Stephens, D.S., Moxon, E.R., Adams, J., Altizer, S., Antonovics, J., Aral, S., Berkelman, R., Bull, J., Cauthen, G., Farley, M.M., Glasgow, A., Glasser, J.W., Katner, H., Kelley, S., Mittler, J., Nahmias, A.J., Nichol, S., Perrot, V., Pinner, R.W., Schrag, S., Small, P., and Thrall, P.H. 1998. Emerging and reemerging infectious diseases: a multidisciplinary perspective. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 315(2): 64-75.

  • Altizer, S.M . and Augustine, D.J. 1997. Interactions between frequency-dependent and vertical transmission in host-parasite systems. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 264: 807-814. PDF

  • Brower, L.P., Fink, L.S., Brower, A.V.S., Leong, K., Oberhauser, K, Altizer, S., Taylor , O., Vickerman, D., Calvert, W.H., Van Hook, T., Alonso, A., Malcolm, S.B., Owen, D.F., and Zalucki, M.P. 1995. On the dangers of interpopulational transfers of monarch butterflies. BioScience 45(8): 540-544. PDF